On 26 November, ENVI will hold an EoV with the IPCC on its special report "Global warming 1.5 C". Jointly established by the United Nations Environmental Programme and the World Meteorological Organization in 1988, the IPCC prepares comprehensive and up-to-date assessments of policy-relevant scientific, technical, and socio-economic information relevant for understanding the scientific basis of climate change, potential impacts, and options for mitigation and adaptation.
Under the Paris Agreement adopted in December 2015, 197 countries agreed to aim to hold the rise in global average temperature to "well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels" and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 °C. Human activities are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0°C of global warming above pre-industrial levels. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate. Pathways limiting global warming to 1.5°C with no or limited overshoot would require rapid and far-reaching transitions in energy, land, urban and infrastructure (including transport and buildings), and industrial systems. These systems transitions are unprecedented in terms of scale, but not necessarily in terms of speed, and imply deep emissions reductions in all sectors, a wide portfolio of mitigation options and a significant upscaling of investments in those options.