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Řešení problematiky nebezpečného odpadu v Maputu (Mosambik)

Řešení problematiky nebezpečného odpadu v Maputu (Mosambik)
The Mozambican authorities have decided that a new landfill for industrial dangerous waste will be sited at Mavoco, in the locality of Beluluane, on the outskirts of Maputo. Beluluane is scheduled to become a major industrial park, and is already home to the country\'s largest and most modern factory, the MOZAL aluminium smelter. The new landfill, regarded as key to the implementation of government policy on the disposal of dangerous waste, should be inaugurated between April and June next year (2003). Felicio Fernando, chief of the Environment Pollution Prevention Department, in the Environment Ministry, is cited in Monday\'s issue of the daily paper \"Noticias\" as saying that a study of the environmental impact of the future site, occupying 50 hectares, is half way through, and its results should be brought for discussion with civil society before work begins. The study covers research on the site\'s hydrology, to determine the existence or otherwise of ground water and eventual fissures that might allow the contamination of that water. This latter aspect will determine the kind of floor coverage to be applied on the landfill. The study also covers the social aspect, dealing particularly with the issue of finding new fields for farmers moved from the future site. Besides the landfill as such, the project also includes building an access road between Beluluane and the Motraco electricity substation, and a low voltage power line. \"These are two components that are socially very important.We think that besides serving the landfill, both the road and the power line will serve the local communities\", said Fernando. He said that of the 50 hectares of the site, only about six to 10 hectares will have been used after 20 years. He said the site has space enough for expansion, in the event of an \"industrial explosion\". Fernando estimates that of the 7,000 tonnes or so of waste that will go to the site every year, about 5,000 tonnes will come from Mozal. The rest will be collected from industries in Maputo, Sofala, and Nampula provinces. Thursday saw the closing session of a four day regional course on the disposal of dangerous waste, that gathered in Maputo 20 representatives of governments and industries from member countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). During the course, the participants visited Mozal and the Maputo Central Hospital, to see how Mozambique is disposing of its dangerous waste. Prosinec 2002 Zdroj:www.allafrica.com
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