The environmental quality of the Baltic Sea is largely influenced by the inputs of pollutants - particularly excessive nutrients, and hazardous substances.
Nutrients can enter the sea in runoff from arable land, mainly via rivers and streams, but also along coasts; or in the form of deposition from the air.
The main pathways of hazardous substances to the marine environment are industrial and municipal wastewater, and atmospheric deposition, but also leachate from deteriorating stockpiles, as in the case of obsolete pesticides.
More than 25 of the 132 serious pollution hot spots identified around the Baltic Sea since 1992 have already been cleaned up.
The impact of less localised, diffuse sources of pollution is nowadays becoming more crucial and is difficult to control.
Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings
Third Pollution Load Compilation 1998
Chairman of HELCOM LAND
Mr. Torben Wallach
Danish Environmental Protection Agency
1401 Copenhagen K
Tel: 45-3266 0506
Fax: 45-3266 0500
Mr. Kaj Forsius
Tel: 358-9-6220 2221
Fax: 358-9-6220 2239
Tel: 358-9-6220 2224