Egyptians rate inadequate solid waste management as the top priority urban environmental issue. Sub-standard solid waste management (SWM) systems have serious impacts on public health and economic development. The open burning of solid waste contributes to air pollution and increased respiratory problems. Illegal dumping of trash in public areas attracts pests and vermin increasing the probability of vector borne diseases. The improper management of solid waste and its commingling with medical and hazardous wastes lead to serious health problems and lost workdays. In contrast, clean cities promote a healthier workforce, attract investment, and support tourism.
SWM services in Egypt have historically been provided directly by governorates. However, they have not been efficient or effective. The Prime Minister?s office has targeted nine governorates for SWM privatization with an emphasis on service improvement and cost control. National, municipal, and local laws and ordinances need to be harmonized, proper privatization procedures need to be followed and new support systems need to be established in the areas of contract management and monitoring, public awareness, citizen complaints, and legal and regulatory enforcement. Stakeholders need to be consulted early on in the harmonization process to ensure their concerns and issues are considered and given an opportunity to review and comment on the effort?s conclusions to ensure that they are practical and useful.
The Governorates need technical advice on the privatization process and the establishment of institutional systems to ensure that privatization results in more effective and sustainable SWM services for their citizens.
GreenCOM's activities in the field of solid waste management include design and installation of signage, production of public awareness and educational materials, and capacity building with various constituencies.
**A major communication, outreach and education project that supports the USAID- funded Egyptian Environmental Policy Program (EEPP) returned to GreenCOM January 1, 2002 after spending a year under the administration of the Academy for Educational Development?s Energy and Environment Training Program (EETP). The Egyptian project began with GreenCOM in 1999 and the new contract extends through June of 2003.
EEPP Solid Waste Technical Assistance
1 page fact sheet, 2002. Solid Waste technical assistance in the Alexandria, Cairo, and Qualyoubiya Governorates.