Polský geologický institut na pomoc ochraně životního prostředí
Solid waste landfill
The Polish Geological Institute, as a geological and hydrogeological survey, ensures economic and ecological safety of the State in terms of management of natural resources, especially mineral deposits and groundwater. The Institute also monitors the environment and predicts natural hazard and anthropogenic risks. Nearly half of the Polish Geological Institutes current researches concern environmental protection problems. The investigations enable recognition of the causes and consequences of degradation of the Earths surface, to allow to develop undertakings which will provide rational natural resources management. The important elements of the Earth’s surface protection, providing ecological safety to the surrounding environment, are modern waste landfills.
The Polish Geological Institute offers a wide variety of services in waste management including landfill planning through complex monitoring to reclamation.
Waste management planning for voivodships, districts and communes according to the national policy and legislative requirements.
Waste management planning for economic entities
Hazardous waste management planning
The Polish Geological Institute prepared the National Waste Management Plan (NWMP) on commission of the Minister of the Environment. The plan includes detailed analysis and assessment of the current waste management (including municipal, industrial and hazardous waste) and a proposal of short-term and long-term waste disposal strategy. The NWMP was approved by the Council of Ministers on October 29, 2002.
Selection of landfill sites according to waste type and in accordance with guidance by the Ministry of the Environment, taking into consideration e.g. virtues of nature and geological setting.
Determination of the geological structure and hydrogeological conditions within the landfill site and around it.
Performing analyses of soil and water as well as assessment of landfill stability.
Preparation of engineering geological and hydrogeological documentations.
Assessment of possibility of using post-mining areas as waste landfill sites.
Preparing a programme of development of already existing municipal waste landfills.
The Polish Geological Institute prepares the Geoenvironmental Map of Poland (scale 1:50 000) including a thematic layer entitled „Waste storage”. It shows distribution of existing waste landfills and best locations for new ones.
Solid waste landfill monitoring
Preparation of a project of waste landfill monitoring before, during and after landfill operations as well as its implementation, including:
locating and drilling observation wells (piezometers) for groundwaters,
water level measurements in piezometers, selection of sampling sites of surface waters, leachate waters and groundwaters, and areas for monitoring, as well as defining index parameters requiring observations,
determination of geochemical background of surface and ground waters at sites selected for observations,
investigations of subsidence at the landfill surface, composition of municipal waste,
sampling and analyses of index parameters of surface waters,
leachate waters and groundwaters, including: pH, electrical conductivity, total organic carbon (TOC), heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr 6, Hg), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH).
preparation of periodic reports on monitoring process.
Central Chemical Laboratory of the Polish Geological Institutes is one of the largest accredited chemical laboratories in Poland. It has a PCA certificate No AB 283 in chemistry and environmental sciences, according to the standard PN-EN ISO/IEC 17025:2001 for research laboratories. This accreditation covers 32 research procedures for determination of 346 parameters in water and sewage samples as well as geological and environmental solid samples.
Analyses of leachate composition before treatment.
Analyses of composition of treated leachate to control the purification process.
Investigations of contaminants migration from a landfill to soil, groundwater and surface waters: information about extent of the zone of pollutant transport and changes in concentration, direction and velocity of flow.
Landfill reclamation and restoration planning
Development of concepts of closing and reclamation of waste landfill sites.
Development of reclamation plans for landfill areas after closing the landfill.
Preparing reports on the impact of landfills on the environment at individual stages of their development.
The above described services are provided according to the current legislation: The Act on Environmental Protection, The Act on the Waste, The Geological and Mining Law Act, and the regulations of the Minister of the Environment on detailed requirements regarding siting, operation and closure of landfills, which regulate monitoring of waste landfills.
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