Greece is being sent two reasoned opinions. The first concerns a landfill situated inside a National Marine Park on the island of Zakynthos. The park was set up to protect the loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta, a priority species classified as endangered. Inspections carried out by the Greek authorities have confirmed that the landfill is still operating in breach of EU landfill legislation. In addition to being a threat to public health and the environment, the landfill is causing damage to the loggerhead turtle through pollution from leakages and the spread of plastic bags, and is attracting seagulls that prey on the turtles' offspring. The Greek authorities have acknowledged the problem and are in the process of constructing a replacement facility. Due to serious delays, however, the facility is not expected to be operational before 2014, and plans for a transitional period, during which the waste would have been sent to mobile units until the new landfills start operating, have been abandoned. The Commission is concerned about the slow pace of change and is therefore sending a reasoned opinion, asking Greece to comply with the EU landfill legislation.
The second Greek case concerns the Temploni landfill on the island of Corfu. The landfill is known to be operating without a permit and constitutes a serious threat to public health and the environment. Recognising the problem, the Greek authorities adopted a remedial plan for the site in 2008, identifying the measures to be taken to address all existing issues. As no appropriate action has been taken and the landfill continues to operate in breach of EU waste legislation, the Commission is sending a reasoned opinion.
In Cyprus several landfills have been found to be operating in violation of EU waste legislation. Since the opening of these infringement proceedings, progress has been made through the closure and rehabilitation of several landfills and the establishment of an adequate waste management system.
However, according to the Commission, six landfills continue to operate in breach of the EU legislation. These six landfills still absorb the entirety of the waste generated by the municipalities of Nicosia and Limassol, as adequate waste infrastructure has yet to be built in these municipalities.