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Articles from Science for Environment Policy

28.06.2013
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Articles from Science for Environment Policy

A service from the European Commission..

Ash inhalation increases risk of lung infection
Inhaling volcanic ash could weaken the body´s natural defences against infection, a recent study concludes. A team of researchers collected samples of ash from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption in Iceland and, in laboratory tests, found that they reduced the ability of immune cells in lungs to fight off bacterial infections.
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Green roofs reduce energy demands but watering costs in warm climates can be high
Green roofs can cool buildings in summer and prevent heat loss in winter. A new study suggests, however, that in the warm climates of southern Europe the additional cost of watering means that 'cool roof coatings´ may be more cost effective.
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Risk map shows European `hot spots´ for pharmaceuticals in the environment
A new tool has been developed which highlights `hot spots´ of pharmaceutical pollution in Europe, where human health and aquatic environments could potentially be affected. The results suggest that the substances and locations posing the greatest risk are not the same for the aquatic environment as for human health.
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A bird´s eye view of fishery discard reforms
Reforms to reduce discards of over-quota fish catches are generally predicted to have positive effects on marine ecosystems and biodiversity. Although concerns have been raised over the impacts of the changes on scavenging seabirds who feed upon discarded fish, new research on gannets indicates that, while they often forage near fishing vessels, more than half their time is spent foraging `naturally´ in the open sea.
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Effects of shale gas development on water quality: experiences from the Marcellus Shale
The impact of shale gas development on surface water quality has been explored in a recent study. Focusing on the Pennsylvania portion of the Marcellus Shale formation (which stretches from West Virginia to the Canadian border), the researchers conclude that shale gas wells and the treatment of shale gas extraction waste have measurable impacts on downstream surface water quality.
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