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Technologie pro optimální zužitkování zemědělských odpadů

24.07.2014
Odpady
Zemědělství
Technologie pro optimální zužitkování zemědělských odpadů
PopisTechnology for optimal utilization of agricultural waste and energy recovery
POD Reference 11 MK 82EW 3MUE

Summary
Researcher from Macedonia has developed technology for optimal utilization of materials and energy from agricultural waste. The technology enables utilization of all material and energy components that arise as products/by-products of the chemical processes in the reactor. The technology provides converting the chemical energy into heat and obtaining electricity in Galvan elements. This technology provides non-waste production of SiO2 and SiC nanopowder. Partners sought: joint venture agreement.

Description
The purpose of the processes occurring in the reactors is usually about obtaining certain material or compound, and rarely about using energy released into it. However, processes occurring within the reactors are complex - despite the basic material (which may be in solid, liquid or gaseous state), and accompanied by formation of by-products (in different aggregate state), that are valuable and might be used as well. Much significant problem is the question how to optimally use the energy released in chemical reactions. In most cases, the chemical energy is converted into heat and is used for heating fluid. Another type of problem exists when, as by-products, stand out steam or gas. In some special cases, chemical solvents can be used as electrolytes in order to produce current. In all mentioned cases, both the products and waste materials should be taken into account in order to provide clean and non-waste work of the reactor. The technology offered represents a complex plant ("closed loop") in which the reactor is surrounded by additional equipment (including Galvan elements) for collecting and utilization of all materials and potential energy-source components, which are products of the complex reaction occurring in the reactor. This technology provides environmentally clean and non-waste production of SiO2 and SiC nanopowder. Preferably, biomass (e.g. cereals, grape waste, rice husk and straw etc.) can be used as input material.

Advantages and Innovations
The input components in the reactor can be of inorganic as well as of organic origin (e.g. biomass). The proposed technology is flexible and could be adjusted depending on the input materials and the additional additives in the reactor. Thus, the technology creates conditions for optimal utilization of materials and energy.

The offered solution for the technology provides a high level of utilization of materials and energy through:
1. Production of nanopowder of SiO2 and SiC;
2. Converting the chemical energy into heat and its utilization for heating fluids (liquid and gaseous) used for the heating of the reactor;
3. Utilization of liquid reagents created in the reactor as an electrolyte for producing direct current;
4. Collecting all byproducts of the reactor, which might be in solid, liquid or gaseous state, and their further utilization or recycling.
Stage of Development Under development/lab tested
IPR status Patent(s) applied for but not yet granted

Type of partner sought:
any private organization or individual (industry, research, or private production firm) or a public entity.

Specific area of activity of the partner:
chemical industry; R&D; electrical power production.

Task to be performed by the partner sought:
provide funding for future development of the prototype into industrial scale plant.
Technologie / licence / produkt Nabízím technologii nebo licenci
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