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Science for Environment Policy, Issue 388

27.10.2014
Obecné
Science for Environment Policy, Issue 388

A service from the European Commission

MPA costs cut through international collaboration
The cost of a Mediterranean marine protected area (MPA) network could be cut by over two thirds if countries surrounding the Sea collaborate in its creation. This is the conclusion of a study that explored how the Convention on Biological Diversity's goals to protect wildlife through MPAs could be met cost-efficiently.
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Sea lice pesticides from Norwegian fish farms can exceed UK environmental health standards
Levels of aquaculture pesticides exceed UK environmental quality standards (EQSs) in samples taken from near Norwegian fish farms, a recent study has shown. The researchers examined five pesticides used to kill sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and showed that in many cases their concentrations exceeded UK EQSs. They used UK standards, they explain, because there are currently no Norwegian EQSs for these chemicals, and call for international quality standards to be drawn up.
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Air pollution and the brain: potential neurological risk shown in Parkinson's study
Elderly patients with Parkinson's disease are at greater risk of emergency hospitalisation, as well as premature death, following short periods of increased air pollution by fine particles, finds a US study. The researchers believe that these findings support the theory that fine particles may affect the brain. They also found possible links between pollution and hospitalisation rates for diabetes patients.
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Communicating biodiversity to farmers: developing the right tools
Two metrics for informing farmers about the biodiversity on their land are presented in a recent Swiss study: average species richness and farm 'uniqueness'. These are both easy to understand and comparable between farms, the researchers say.
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Baltic Sea faces a tough future
The Baltic Sea is likely to be warmer, lower in oxygen and more acidic in the future, warn Swedish scientists in a recent study. Current strategies for managing the Sea will need to change if they are to meet marine protection objectives.
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Bike share programmes reduce car use in cities but benefits are less strong in London
Bike share programmes appear to have successfully reduced private car use in Brisbane, Melbourne, Washington DC, Minnesota and London, suggests recent research. In London, however, high demand for vans to transport bicycles between docking stations may have increased overall motor vehicle use in the city.
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