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Science for Environment Policy, Issue 395

01.12.2014
Obecné
Science for Environment Policy, Issue 395

A service from the European Commission...


Global pollinator decline may lead to human malnutrition
The worldwide decline of pollinators could increase cases of vitamin and micronutrient deficiencies in humans, new research suggests. For instance, pollination is needed for the crops that produce half of all plant-derived vitamin A across much of south-east Asia. Furthermore, areas which depend most on pollination for micronutrient supply tend to be poorer and already at higher risk of deficiencies.
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Wind turbine risks to seabirds: new tool maps birds' sensitivity to offshore farms
A new tool has been developed to map the sensitivity of seabirds to offshore wind farm development. The Seabird Mapping and Sensitivity Tool (SeaMaST), currently for use in English waters, combines information on the sensitivity of seabird species to wind turbines with data on the birds' distributions. It provides maps that can be used for both the offshore wind farm industry and marine spatial planning.
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Buildings' future heating and cooling needs are predicted with new method
Which types of buildings will require the least energy for heating and cooling under climate change? A study in Vienna, Austria, looked at the balance between heating and cooling demand in four different types of buildings. The research provides a method that could be useful for other European cities trying to adapt to climate change.
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Wind turbines have minor impact on small-bird populations
Only about two or three small birds are killed by wind turbines each year for every 225-300 houses supplied with renewable energy, new research suggests. The study collated data from 116 US and Canadian studies on 156 species of passerines (small birds). The study suggests some species are affected more than others, but that wind turbines generally have only a minor impact on these small-bird populations.
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