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World Living Beyond Its Environmental Means - WWF

25.10.2004
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World Living Beyond Its Environmental Means - WWF
GENEVA - The world is consuming some 20 percent more natural resources a year than the planet can produce, conservationist group WWF said yesterday.

The Swiss-based organization called on governments to move rapidly to restore the ecological balance.

"We are running up an ecological debt which we will not be able to pay off," Dr Claude Martin, director-general of WWF International, said in a statement.

In its 'Living Planet Report 2004,' the fifth in a series, the WWF said that between 1970 and 2000, populations of marine and terrestrial species fell 30 percent. That of freshwater species declined 50 percent.

"This is a direct consequence of increasing human demand for food, fiber, energy and water," it said. "...humans consume 20 percent more natural resources than the earth can produce."

What WWF calls the "ecological footprint" - the amount of productive land needed on average worldwide to sustain one person, currently stood at 5.43 acres.

But the earth had only 4.45 acres per head - based on the planet's estimated 11.3 billion hectares 27.9 billion acres of productive land and sea space divided between its 6.1 billion people.

The fastest growing component of the footprint was energy use, which had risen by 700 percent between 1961 and 2001.

North Americans were consuming resources at a particularly fast rate, with an ecological footprint that was twice as big as that of Europeans and seven times that of the average Asian or African, WWF said.


REUTERS NEWS SERVICE
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