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Evros - čarokrásné území na pomezí Řecka a Turecka

08.08.2009
Příroda
Voda
Hydrogeologie
Evros - čarokrásné území na pomezí Řecka a Turecka
Delta řeky Evros je jednou z nejvýznamnějších chráněných oblastí Řecka, oblastí NATURA 2000

a zároveň hranicí s evropskou částí Turecka. Vyskytují se tu mj. i pelikáni a plameňáci. Do oblasti se dostanete IC vlakem z Thessaloniki nebo z bulharského Svilegradu, případně autem po zcela nové dálnici Via Egnatia z Igoumenitsi a Thessaloniki. V oblasti lze navštívit též zajímavá města, jako je Alexandroupolis, Didimoteicho nebo poměrně moderní Oresteiada nebo les v obci Dadia.

The Evros Delta (Delta řeky Evros)

The Evros Delta is unlike any of Greece's protected wetlands or national parks. Strategically situated on the north-eastern Greco-Turkish border, entry is via a military checkpoint and only with an official guide from the Evros visitor center in nearby Feres. Military lookouts line both banks of the river and you can see the Turkish rice fields and villages across the way. Even the river's water level is kept constant to prevent border disputes.

Such restricted access has had both positive and negative results for local bird, flora and fauna populations and created a unique atmosphere and landscape.

Birds in Evros DeltaCovering an expanse of 188 square kilometers, the Delta offers a diversity of habitats including coastal lakes, lagoons, interior rivers, sandy islets, sand dunes, marshes, swamps and reedbeds. More than 330 bird varieties can be found in this bird-watcher's paradise-a trained eye can spot about 100 on an average day. During the winter, hundreds of thousands of water fowl from northern Europe and the former Soviet republics find shelter in the Delta.

There is also controlled grazing and agricultural activity as well as commercial fishing and hunting. Cows wander through the tamarisk forest, an important habitat for about 80 mammals, while wild horses gather past the plains.

The area had been eroded by agricultural use until it was declared a Ramsar-protected wetland in 1974. While conservation groups are actively involved in its protection at a macro level, they have no formal presence on the ground.

Life in Evros DeltaA new visitor center, cafe and shelter has opened this year, but tourism is kept in check because of the environmental and military sensitivity of the area. More and very interesting informations with maps you can see at: http://www.malawicichlidhomepage.com/aquainfo/evros_dadia.html

and at http://www.evros-delta.gr/DeltaEvros/tabid/60/language/en-US/Default.aspx

Main Birds: Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Pelecanus onocrotalus, Pelecanus crispus, Botaurus stellaris, Anser erythropus, Branta ruficollis, Aythya nyroca, Oxyura leucocephala, Haliaeetus albicilla, Aquila clanga, Aquila heliaca, Tetrax tetrax, Hoplopterus spinosus, Numenius tenuirostris, Larus melanocephalus, Larus genei, Gelochelidon nilotica.


ZDROJ: Embassy of Greece, Washington D.C., upraveno Enviweb

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