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Co dělat v případě zemětřesení (What to do before and after the earthquake)

08.08.2009
Obecné
Havárie
Geologie
Co dělat v případě zemětřesení (What to do before and after the earthquake)
Pokud jedete do oblastí, kde hrozí zemětřesení, je dobré si přečíst těchto pár řádků.

BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE

  • Fix shelves and bookcases to the walls.
  • Screw fuel and water tanks as well as heaters to the walls.
  • Put heavy objects to lower shelves.
  • Remove heavy objects from above beds and sofas.
  • Fix all lights.
  • Specify well protected spaces in each room of the house
    • Under steady desks or tables.
    • Away from glass surfaces and bookcases.
    • Away from exterior walls.
  • Specify safe spaces outside the house
    • Away from buildings and trees.
    • Electric and telephone cables.
  • Check the correct function of the electric network as well as all connections of the gas network.
  • Inform all family members of how to turn off the switches/valves (water supply, electricity, gas).
  • Inform all family members of the above mentioned measures.
  • Get a portable radio with batteries, a torch and a first aid kit.
  • Inform, especially the children of the family, of the emergency numbers (112) etc).
  • Agree on a specific place to meet after the earthquake.

  DURING THE EARTHQUAKE

  • If you are inside the house
    • Remain calm.
    • Cover yourself under any steady furniture and protect your eyes using the interior side of your hand.
    • If there isn’t any steady furniture around you, sit on the floor turning your face towards the interior wall, away from windows and furniture which could fall on you.
    • If you are in bed, do not move and protect your head using a pillow.
    • Do not try to move away from the house.
    • Do not use the elevator.
    • Do not go out in the balconies.

  If you are on a tall building move away from glasses and exterior walls.

  If you are in a recreation place or in a store or mall, remain calm and avoid panic. Stay away from the crowd which could probably be moving irregularly to exits.

  • If you are outside the house
    • Move away from neighbouring buildings as well as from electric or telephone cables.
    • Cover your head using a briefcase or a purse that may be available.
    • Stay in an open space until the earthquake shock stops.
  • If you are using a vehicle
    • Drive to an open space and stop the car immediately.
    • Stay inside the car until shaking stops.
    • Avoid bridges or pedestrian overpasses.

  AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE

  • Be prepared for the aftershocks.
  • Check for possible injuries to you or anyone around you.
  • Do not move seriously injured persons.
  • Follow the instructions of the authorities and do not believe in ungrounded rumors.
  • Use the telephone only in emergency to avoid an overload of the telephone network.
  • Do not use the car, impeding the rescue parties.
  • Avoid entering the house especially if you see damages, smell gas or see any cables destroyed.
  • The earthquake constitutes a natural warning for an oncoming tsunami. After a strong earthquake, move away from the seashore or from areas of low altitude next to the sea.
  • Stay away from seaside areas until you are informed by the competent Service that risk is over. A tsunami is not only a wave but a series of waves with different time of arrival at the seashore.
  • Do not approach the shore in order to watch a tsunami coming. When you see the tsunami coming, it will probably be too late to avoid it.
  • In many cases, an oncoming tsunami is preceded by an important increase or decrease of the water level. This phenomenon constitutes a warning of the nature and should be seriously taken into consideration.
    • Not all earthquakes cause a tsunami. However, when you feel an earthquake, stay alert. A warning for an oncoming tsunami may follow.
    • A relatively small-sized tsunami could be transformed to an extremely dangerous tsunami in a distance of several kilometers.


 ZDROJ: GCP

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