zpravodajství životního prostředí již od roku 1999

Zajímavost: Z historie odpadového hospodářství na Havaji

Zajímavost: Z historie odpadového hospodářství na Havaji

One would be hard-pressed to think of an activity of people that does not result in the production of solid waste (we will use the terms garbage, rubbish, solid waste, trash and refuse interchangeably). Because waste by definition consists of things no one wants, waste gets no respect and becomes the butt of jokes. However, there are a few who find rubbish interesting. Perhaps the fascination is the simple result of long association. This paper is written by one who has had a long career association with rubbish and wants to share his fascination. The writer thanks those whose rubbish made it possible for his children to go to college.

Garbage In The County of Oahu

"One of the most vexing problems confronting the City and County of Honolulu is without question the disposal of its garbage." This still-relevant quotation came from the June 1931 edition of the Star-Bulletin. But certainly the problems of refuse collection and disposal predate 1931. We will start our history of garbage and the Refuse Division in the 1850's, during which time the Hawaiian Monarchy provided urban public services. We can assume that these public services included refuse collection because when county governments were established by the Territorial Legislature in 1905, the Territory turned over a "garbage crematorium" to Oahu County. The type of solid waste handled by this crematorium is not known; a guess would be that it handled a portion of Honolulu's more putrescible waste, while more combustible waste went to open dumps. The turnover was conditional: the Territory told the fledgling Oahu County that the Territory would take the crematorium back if the County could not operate it properly. The Territory was somewhat of a youngster itself, having been established only a few years earlier in 1900.

In 1905, garbage removal was one of only six items appearing in the County of Oahu's monthly operating expenses:

Police $7,500
Fire $4,000
Garbage Removal $3,000
Electric Light Plant $1,500
Parks $1,000
Band $1,250
The only direct income for Oahu County was its refuse collection fees. All other income to operate the County came as grants from the Territorial government. The first Superintendent of Refuse of the new Oahu County paid his refuse workers 1/31 of a month's pay for each day they worked. The workers found they somehow never got a month's pay, even though they worked the whole month (no scheduled work on Sundays). After many complaints and an investigation, the fraction was changed to 1/27, and workers then got a whole month's pay. Sunday work paid extra. It was reported that one enterprising worker was credited with seven Sundays of extra work in his first month with the County. We must remember that fiscal policies and procedures in a new organization sometimes take time to develop. The Territory's payroll procedure was to pay a department head, who would in turn pay his employees. The Honolulu County department head for refuse collection had come from the Territory, and he wanted to follow the Territory's payroll procedure. But the County treasurer wanted to pay employees directly. Republicans and Democrats also took sides, and after an extended battle, the treasurer's procedure prevailed.

In the rural areas of the new County, plantation supervisors had close ties with County supervisors, which resulted in cooperative efforts in the joint use of men and equipment.

More on:http://www.opala.org/solid_waste/archive/History%20_Garbage_in_paradise.html

ZDROJ: www.opala.org

Komentáře k článku. Co si myslí ostatní?

Další články
Chystané akce
11. 2020
3-6.11.2020 - Veletrh, výstava
INISOFT s.r.o.
11. 2020
10.11.2020 - Seminář, školení
Praha, ČVUT
11. 2020
11-12.11.2020 - Seminář, školení
Konferenční místnost hotelu A-SPORT
INISOFT s.r.o.
11. 2020
11.11.2020 - Seminář, školení
Brno, Aps s.r.o.
11. 2020
25.11.2020 - Seminář, školení
hotel Olympik, sál Olymp, Praha
Podněty ZmapujTo
Mohlo by vás také zajímat
Naši partneři
Složky životního prostředí