PGI-NRI and Geological Survey of China sign cooperation agreement
The cooperation agreement (Memorandum of Understanding) with the Polish Geological Institute (PGI-NRI) was the 38th agreement signed by the Geological Survey of China (CGS) with foreign partners and the first one with an institution from an Eastern-European country.
On October 12th 2012, a delegation from CGS visited PGI-NRI for the third time in a year and a half to continue talks on cooperation in geology (see Będziemy współpracować z Chińską Służbą Geologiczną, 07.04.2011; Wizyta chińskiej delegacji rządowej w PIG-PIB, 02.07.2012). This time it was a six-person delegation led by CGS Deputy Director General Li Haiqing and comprising: Fan Chunfu, Director of the Auditing Office, Bai Qin, Deputy Director of Dept. of Science and Technology and International Cooperation, Zhao Hongwei, Division Chief of Marine Geology, CGS Dept. of Basic Geological Survey, Hu Shiyou, Director of Institute of Exploration Technology, and Prof. Yang Shengxiong, Chief Technical Director of Guangzou Marine Geological Survey in Guangzhou (formerly Kanton).
PGI-NRI was represented by Prof. Jerzy Nawrocki, PGI-NRI Director, Andrzej Przybycin, his Deputy and Director in charge of the Polish Geological Survey, Prof. Grzegorz Pieńkowski, PGI-NRI Scientific Secretary, Prof. Marek Graniczny, the Head of International Cooperation Department, Ilona Śmietańska, his Deputy, and Dr Wojciech Brochwicz-Lewiński and Agata Dunaszewska of that department, Prof. Szymon Uścinowicz of the PGI-NRI Marine Geology Branch in Gdańsk, Dr Ewa Szynkaruk of the Geotechnology Dept. and Olga Lipińska of the Geology for Land Use Planning and Development Dept.
The CGS delegation was welcomed officially by Andrzej Przybycin on behalf of the PGI-NRI Management Board. Subsequently Marek Graniczny gave a concise briefing on history, major achievements, and the main directions of works and strategy adopted by the Institute and the Polish Geological Survey and Polish Hydrogeological Surveys in response to conditions and changes introduced by the Polish Parliament as the legislative body, the Ministry of Environment as the supervising institution, the National Fund of Environment Protection and Water Management, National Water Management Authority and Ministry of Science and Higher Education, as well as the necessity to match emerging opportunities and development priorities.
The history, organizational scheme and status of the CGS in the year before its centenary and the challenges faced currently and in the coming years were outlined by Director Li Haiquing. The challenges are primarily connected with the necessity to coordinate surveys in a country almost 31 times greater in area than Poland and to cover the quickly growing demands of the Chinese economy for securing supply of energy carriers and mineral commodities. Here it is necessary to add the requirements to achieve better understanding and find ways to mitigate geohazards, especially important as the China has a long history of natural disasters.
The list of the latest discoveries of mineral and energy resources is very impressive, especially as it opens with discoveries of 7 "supergiant" deposits. Nevertheless, the demands of the Chinese economy make necessary further intensification of exploration and development of these resources. This is well reflected in the CGS budget for exploration and development of close to $17 billion as well in the status held by the CGS since 1999, defined by Director Li Haiquing as that of "para-ministerial agency" under supervision of the Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR). Here it is worth to mention the importance assigned by the CGS to basic studies. The Survey treats these studies with the utmost importance for fulfilling its statutory
tasks and, therefore, in the last decades the number of R&D institutes taken over and incorporated to the CGS structure rose up to seven.
The next presentations concerned the CGS activities in the field of marine geology and geophysics (Prof. Yang Shengxiong) and drilling and other equipment developed for the CGS and its usability in modeling deformations and fault zones formed in result of the Wenchuan earthquake (also known as the Great Sichuan earthquake) measured at 8.0Ms, which affected the Sichuan province on May 12, 2008 (Dr Hu Shiyou).
In the second part of the meeting, Prof. Szymon Uścinowicz presented activities and results of marine geology surveys in Poland, Olga Lipińska - environmental aspects of shale gas exploration and exploitation in Poland, and Dr Ewa Szynkaruk - 3D mapping and modeling in PGI-NRI.
The most important moment of the meeting was the signing ceremony of the cooperation agreement between PGI-NRI and CGS for the coming three years. The document has been signed by Prof. Jerzy Nawrocki on behalf of the PGI-NRI Management Board, and Li Haiqing on behalf of the CGS. After the signing ceremony the Directors proposed a toast for a successful start of Chinese-Polish cooperation.
The agreement defines the main fields of cooperation, ranging from cooperation in regional and economic geology and 3D geological cartography to marine geology, global climate changes, non-conventional energy sources and environmental geology.
Text: Ilona Śmietańska and Wojciech Brochwicz-Lewiński
Photos: Barbara Ruszkiewicz
Translation: Wojciech Brochwicz-Lewiński