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Articles from Science for Environment Policy

01.02.2013
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Articles from Science for Environment Policy

A service from the European Commission...

Air traffic management to balance CO2 emissions and noise pollution
Speed constraints for aircraft are put in place, at some airports, to minimise noise pollution in local areas, however, such practices can be very fuel-inefficient. New research has now shown that relaxing departure speed limits could substantially reduce CO2 emissions, while maintaining acceptable noise levels.
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Dangerously high levels of endocrine disrupting chemicals found in marine sediments
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can interfere with the hormonal systems of both humans and wildlife. New research quantifying EDCs in marine environments in Greece found concentrations which present significant risks to sediment-dwelling organisms.
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Policies to protect natural areas from roads assessed in France
New research in France has analysed the effectiveness of legal instruments and environmental assessments to protect natural areas against the impacts of roads. The Natura 2000 network appears to be the most effective, but the study calls for environmental assessments to take place earlier on in decision-making processes for road projects to better protect natural areas.
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Energy efficiency of local food distribution can match globalised systems
Some scientists have suggested that, when all potential inefficiencies are accounted for, local food distribution systems may be less sustainable than globalised systems. However, new research examining the behaviour of participants in local food networks in France suggests that they can be as energy efficient as globalised systems.
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Ozone and NOx air pollution predicted to fall in Europe
A new study has estimated that nitrogen oxide (NOx) and harmful ozone levels will fall significantly in Europe, by 2030, if all current and planned air quality legislation is implemented. The co-beneficial effects of climate change policies could also reduce levels of these air pollutants by a further 40%.
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Changes in species interaction provide clues to climate change extinctions
How does climate change cause extinction? An extensive analysis of the available evidence has explored this question and concluded that climate change's effects on the interactions between species is likely to be the main reason for local extinctions. For example, climate change may lead to the loss of prey for predators.
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