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Articles from Science for Environment Policy

18.11.2013
Obecné
Articles from Science for Environment Policy

A service from the European Commission

Crop pests spreading polewards under global warming
Crop pests and pathogens are moving into new habitats, towards the North and South Poles, as global warming progresses, new research suggests. Observation records from around the world show that many crop pests, including insect and bacterial pests, are moving towards the poles at an average rate of 2.7 km per year.
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Herbicide levels in coastal waters drop after EU ban
The European ban on atrazine has effectively reduced concentrations of the herbicide in coastal waters, a new study has found. However, the researchers also warn that, in some areas, atrazine levels remain relatively high as some countries have not yet restricted use of the chemical.
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Are environmental management systems just greenwash?
Companies that adopt the environmental management system ISO 14000, designed to help reduce businesses´ environmental impacts, generally back this up with sincere investment in environmentally-friendly practices, research suggests. Researchers found that adoption of the ISO 14000 was not `greenwash´, but reflected a move towards more sustainable practices in both European and North American companies.
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Possible long-term effects of aircraft noise on children´s cognition
Levels of aircraft noise experienced in primary schools might affect aspects of children´s cognition, even several years after they have left the school, new research suggests. Researchers revealed that 15-16 year olds who had attended noisier primary schools six years earlier found aircraft noise more disturbing or annoying, even after accounting for aircraft noise at their current school.
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Gas flaring and residential burning pollute the Arctic more than previously thought
Gas flaring and residential combustion are significant sources of soot, or black carbon, pollution in the Arctic, but their role has been underestimated until now, according to a recent study. The research indicates that flaring from oil and gas developments is the largest source of this pollutant, responsible for 42% of black carbon pollution in the Arctic.
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Land uses of different intensities affect soils and the ecosystem services they provide
Agricultural intensification can significantly affect soil ecosystems and the services they provide, new research suggests. Examining soils across Europe, the study demonstrates that high intensity arable land uses have lower diversity and biomass of soil organisms than lower intensity arable or permanent grassland, affecting the carbon and nitrogen cycles in the environment.
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