zpravodajství životního prostředí již od roku 1999

Řecko: Zajímá vás příroda Egejské oblasti a pravěká zvířata - navštivte muzeum na ostrově Samos

12.07.2014
Ekologická dovolená, cestování
Řecko: Zajímá vás příroda Egejské oblasti a pravěká zvířata - navštivte muzeum na ostrově Samos

Welcome to the Natural History Museum of the Aegean.

Visitors to Samos (Greece) have the opportunity to visit the fascinating Natural History Museum. On display are many specimens of natural treasures from Samos and the Aegean. It was established by the Konstantinos and Maria Zimalis Foundation and is divided into five sections: Palaeontology, Mineralogy, Geology, Botanology and Zoology.

View the position of the Museum on the map of Europe

The Museum has about 30,000 visitors per year.

The Museum is open from May until the end of October, Tuesday through Saturday 09.00-14.00 and Sunday 10.00-14.00. On Mondays it is closed.

During the rest of the year (November until the end of April) it is open only by special arrangement mainly for groups. Please contact us if you wish to arrange an appointment this particular period.

Paleontological

The fossils exhibited at the Museum belong to animals that lived on the island and especially in the area of the village of Mitilinii, 8-10 million years ago. According to the geological terminology this era is known as Tourolio and is a stage of the Early Miocene.

The most recent excavations that brought to the light precious findings was carried out in 1963 by J.Melentis, Professor of Geology and Paleontology at the University of Thessaloniki, and creator of the initial Museum in 1967. The excavations resumed after 1992, again by the University of Thessaloniki but this time supervised by Prof. G.Koufos.

During the last 100 years several paleontological excavations have been carried out in Samos by foreign scientists. Unfortunately the important findings of fossilized mammals that were brought to light were smuggled abroad and are currently exhibited at many museums in Europe and the United States.

The fossils of Samos, that are displayed at the Paleontological Museum of the University of Samos were found in 1912, during the excavations that were supervised by Prof. T.Skoufos.

These animals came to Samos during the time that the island was attached to Asia Minor and to the main land of Greece in one unified peninsula. In search of food they moved from Central Asia to Iraq and from there through Asia Minor, Samos and the main land of Greece, they dispersed all over Europe as far as Spain and England.

The showcases of the Museum display fossilized bones of small sized horses called Hipparia (Hipparion), of Mastodons (Mastodont Iongirostris),of hyena (crocura eximia), of Samotherio (Samotherium boisieri) and of rhinoceroses.

Great interest lies with the findings of horned animals that are include sculls with horns of various species such as: Protoryx, Palaioryx, Microtragos, Gazelles etc. All the above are Artiodaktyla, belong to the Bovidae family and bear teeth of the selinodontic type.

ZDROJ: Natural History Museum of the Aegean
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