zpravodajství životního prostředí již od roku 1999

The Guardian view on Brexit's fishy tale: we will need friends at sea | Editorial

31.12.2019
Příroda
Over the holiday period the Guardian's leader column examines the challenges of the future by fathoming out the present. Today we look at why taking back control of our waters is hardFisheries make up a tiny proportion of the UK's economic activity - roughly 0.1%; around three-quarters of that is on the processing side of the industry. But that understates the cultural significance of fishing to a nation surrounded by water. The freedom to make a living from the sea is vital to many communities' sense of self-sufficiency and self-esteem. It reaches deep into a national sense of independence, which is why the common fisheries policy (CFP) has felt like an affront to sovereignty. Yet when the UK leaves the European Union at the end of January , few believe we will be "taking back our waters". Fishing's symbolic potency means it will loom larger than many industries in the coming awkward trade compromise.The parable of the fish tells of a painful adjustment: from Brexit as abstract celebration of sovereignty to Brexit as realisation of limitations on UK power. There will be an 11-month transition during which the terms of the CFP still apply, but then the UK becomes an "independent coastal state" under UN maritime convention. Its waters are its own to manage within an "exclusive economic zone" extending 200 nautical miles from the shore. That should feel like taking back control, which is why fishermen were enthusiastic about Brexit. The reality will feel different. About 60% of the fish caught in UK waters is taken by EU ships. British boats get around 15% of their haul from non-British waters. Other coastal states have their own fishing communities with their own identities and interests to protect. They can also pool their negotiating power relative to the UK via the European commission. In theory, Britain has a strong card to play with its newfound legal rights of exclusivity. Europeans want to be able to catch UK fish. Come January 2021, Boris Johnson could supposedly banish EU boats and deploy the Royal Navy to enforce a British monopoly. Continue reading...
Zdroj: The Guardian

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