zpravodajství životního prostředí již od roku 1999

The end of farming?

For decades, the way we farm has been degrading land and destroying wildlife. Now there's a revolution coming - but is it going to create more problems than it solves? By Christopher de BellaigueIn the last years of the 20th century, Glenfeshie, a 17,000-hectare estate in the Scottish Highlands, was in steep decline. Decades of overgrazing by deer had reduced its hillsides to clipped lifelessness. Denied the protection afforded by tree roots, the banks of the River Feshie were losing soil each time it flooded, the water depositing silt downstream. Those few Scots pines that had survived the browsing of the deer were nearing the end of their lives; soon there would be no seed source for the next generation.Between 1997 and 2006, ownership of Glenfeshie passed between three Danish businessmen - and with it a self-destructive business model. Only by maintaining very high numbers of livestock could the flow of fee-paying deerstalkers armed with rifles be ensured, but because of the rising cost of gamekeepers and estate upkeep, Glenfeshie's sporting operations were still making a loss. All the while, the pine martens, mountain hares and hen harriers for which the Highlands are a natural habitat were being crowded out by the deer on which the model depended. Continue reading...
Zdroj: The Guardian

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